Why do we celebrate Krishna Janmashtami?
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Why do we celebrate Krishna Janmashtami?

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Why do we celebrate Krishna Janmashtami?

Why do we celebrate Krishna Janmashtami? Know the History, Significance, Shubh Muhurat, and Krishna’s Potencies listed in Chapter 10 of the Bhagavad Gita


Krishna Janmashtami is popularly known as Gokulashtami. It is the birth anniversary of Yogeshwar Shri Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, which is not only celebrated in India with great pomp but also in the outer countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Reunion Island, Jamika, etc.


Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated in Bhadrapada on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in Rohini Nakshatra according to the Hindu lunar calendar which overlaps with August or September of the Gregorian calendar. Krishna is widely called the son of Devaki and Vasudeva but was destined to be brought up by Yashoda and Nanda. And lived his whole life as an adopted child. 


This year Krishna Janmashtami falls on 18 August 2022. Here is the auspicious puja timing and Muhurat— 


Krishna Janmashtami 2022 auspicious time

Puja Muhurta:12:03:00 to 12:47:42

Duration : 0 hrs 43 mins

Janmashtami after Parana Muhurta: 05:52:03 on 20th August


Also Read: Major Kundali Doshas in Vedic Astrology? Know how it affects you?


Therefore, on the holy festival of Janmashtami, the birthplace of Shri Krishna, Mathura is made on sight, when the entire Mathura-Vrindavan is seen immersed in the devotional atmosphere, especially the temples are decorated with flowers and colorful lights led by tableau or jhankies creating an atmosphere of devotion is spread all around. 

On this occasion, lakhs of devotees or Krishna Bhakts from across the country and abroad visit the temple merely to get a glimpse of “Lord Krishna” and seem to be completely and entirely immersed in Krishna's devotion. On this day the devotees observe a fast for the whole day. 


Ritual to please Lord Krishna 

In order to please Lord Shri Krishna, all should observe fasting and offer special worship to their reverence. Wearing yellow-colored clothes, worship the idol of God present in the house with an incense lamp. Offer flowers to God, and apply sandalwood. Lord Krishna has a special liking for milk, curd, and butter, so makes a prasad of it and distributes it among people and the poor. 


Must undertake the following methods to observe fast—  


  • The day before the fast, i.e. on Saptami, one should consume satvik food.

  • On the day of fasting, wake up early in the morning and after taking bath, bow to the deities and sit facing north or east.

  • Offer worship with water, flowers, and fruits along with establishing an auspicious Kalash.

  

  • While worshiping, remember the names of Devaki, Vasudeva, Baldev, Nand, Yashoda, and Lakshmi Ji and worship them duly.

  • Make sure Janmashtami fast can only be broken after 12 o'clock at night.

  • Grains cannot be consumed during the fast.

  • You can also have buckwheat flour dumplings, water chestnut pudding, and mawa ki barfi.




History and Importance of celebrating  Krishna Janmashtami

If we talk about the history of Janmashtami, it is believed that about five thousand years ago, in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September), Shri Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was born in Mathura. The kingdom was ruled by  Kansa who was a  tyrant king. It is believed that he had a sister named Devaki. She was married to a Yaduvanshi king named Vasudeva. Kansa loved his sister very much and always wanted to see her happy.


According to Skanda Purana, once when king Kansa was on his way to his sister’s in-laws' house he heard a backend voice— "Hey Kansa" It will be your sister’s eighth child (Son) will born to kill you and avenge your atrocities done to the people.


On hearing of his death, Kansa became enraged and imprisoned his sisters Devaki and Vasudeva. Although he wanted to kill Devaki, because he believed that there would be no bamboo and no flute would play, on Vasudeva's insistence that he would hand over Devaki's eight sons to him, Kansa agreed and put both of them in jail. 


The time passed and seven children of Devaki were killed by Kansa one by one.

Now the time had come when Devaki was about to give birth to her eighth child and while Kansa was waiting, when the child should be born and when should I kill him, but Lord Vishnu wanted something else! At the time of Krishna's birth, a divine light lit up the prison and Lord Vishnu appeared. He told Vasudev— “Devaki is gonna give birth to my own 8th form and make him aware of the ways to save Krishna.” 


Vasudev understood the path shown by Lord Vishnu, and only then the miracle happened when the locks of the prison opened themselves, the guards fell into a deep sleep. Then Vasadeva put Krishna in a small basket and went towards Gokul. On the way, he encountered the raging Yamuna river, he put the basket on his head and by the grace of Lord Vishnu, he crossed the Yamuna river safely and reached the house of his friend Nanda Baba.


He followed Vishnu's command and handed over Krishna to Nand Baba and Yasoda and returned to the prison of Mathura with Nand-Yasoda’s newborn daughter in return. Soon after hearing the cry of that little girl Kansa came in as he was desperately waiting for the eighth child of Devaki to be killed. 


As a result, he tried to kill the girl by slamming the girl from the prison wall, suddenly the newborn girl disappeared and started warning Kansa that "Oh fool Kansa your death had taken birth on earth and you don’t even have an idea.” He started getting worried day and night thinking about what the girl had said.


On the other hand, Lord Krishna started growing up in Gokul in the house of Nand Baba and Yashoda. Time passed and gradually the news of Krishna's miracles started reaching far and wide and everyone started considering Krishna as a miraculous child. In the end, he killed Kansa and punished him for his sins and freed the people of Mathura from the atrocities of Kansa.


Since then, we observe the festival of Janmashtami with complete faith and  devotion. 

 


Why should one be completely devoted to Lord Krishna ? 

And the Chapter 10 of the Bhagavad Gita is the answer that listed the potencies of Shri Krishn. In this chapter, Shree Krishna desires to increase Arjun’s bhakti by describing his infinite glories and opulence. The verses are not only pleasing to read but also enchanting to hear.


He says that He is God…..

“I am the origin of all creation. Everything proceeds from Me. The wise who know this perfectly worship me with great faith and devotion.”


He claims that there is nothing superior to me. I’m the source of all spiritual and material worlds, everything emanates from me. I’m the seed-giving father of all who takes birth in the material world and that material nature is working under my direction. Yes, I’m the time which has neither beginning nor end. 


He claims that no being - moving or nonmoving - can exist without Him. He pervades the entire universe in His unmanifest form. He is the basis of the brahman, he has always existed and always will. He claims His body is transcendental and never deteriorates. He claims that fools cannot understand His transcendental nature as the Supreme Lord of all that be. 

He is the original seed of all existences, the intelligent of the intelligents. 

He also knows all living entities, but Him no one knows. 


Everything is within Him and He is within everything. Moreover, He is the strength of the strong, and devoid of passion and desire, and a sex life that is not contrary to religious principles. He says He can only be seen directly by undivided devotional service.



What could be learnt from Krishnas’s life? 

Despite the fact, Lord Krishna lost and sacrificed everything yet lived happily. So one should appreciate what one has. And must remember good will always be rewarded. 'The doer of good never comes to grief', assures Krishna. According to him, as long as we follow our duty(dharma) and the path of righteous Krama we shall be protected by him. This does not make his love conditional but he leaves the choice to us.


Also Read: Is Matchmaking a Ritual or Myth? An Astrological Analysis

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