Significance of practicing Nitya Karma
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Significance of practicing Nitya Karma

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Significance of practicing Nitya Karma

This is merely not the text of an Article but a straightforward reminder to the current generation that has forgotten about the most ancient spiritual discipline that Hindus have been practicing since the time immemorial. This Spiritual discipline is a daily obligatory action that must be performed by Hindus -  Prescribed in Vedas. So let's read about in detail what actually is “Nitya Karma'' and how it is practiced by performing which each and every person can become a better human being. 


In Hinduism, the path of daily worship is considered to be the best for the removal of all sufferings in order to attain salvation. Love, confidence, and faith are not easily born by only worshiping and chanting mantras daily but it also requires a sharp focus and concentration, and strong willpower. And with determination, we are able to do any kind of work. To be happy in the world, it is very important to have faith in God. In such a situation, if you want to maintain the happiness and prosperity of the family, then you should have unwavering faith in God. It is said if God is remembered and worshiped with a sincere heart, then our wishes are definitely fulfilled. 


Wherein, in Hinduism daily worship, is considered closest to the heart of God. Nitya is a Sanskrit word signifying "everlasting" or something which is permanent. Its inverse is anitya, which alludes to the Hindu idea of fleetingness or impermanent. In that suffering does not last, but neither do the material comfortable comforts of life. Nitya karma alludes to a day to day compulsory activity that should be performed by Hindus. By living as per these honorable strict standards, we spiritualize our strict life and come to understand our own heavenly nature. By practicing these simple principles we can grow up with a strong religious and spiritual base and become better human beings. 


Also Read: Science and Spirituality behind Fasting



According to the scriptures, each man is indebted in these ways, our ancient sages have described the means of being free from these three debts. One should do whatever it takes not to stay away from or take off from these obligations. If a man dies with debt over his head, then he will have to clear those debts in his next birth. Therefore, a man must clear all these three debts, which are as follow—-


1. Pitrarina: ( it is the indebtedness towards the ancestors) 

2. Rishirina: it is the indebtedness towards the Rishi (Sages)

3. Devarina: (and this is the indebtedness towards deities and God)


There is a Sanskrit shloka—- 

“Athocchyatte Grihasthasya Nityakarma Yathavidhi

Yatkritvaa Nrinya Maapnoti Daivaat,

Paittrayaacch Maanushaat”. 


The Nitya Karma of a man is explained as in the scriptures, by performing which, a man is liberated from the RINA(debts which he has towards DEVA, RISHI, and PITRA. According to the above shloka, as soon as a man takes birth, he carries three rinas over his head. In order to get rid of all these three rinas (debts) performing the Nitya Karma has claimed to be its cure. 


There are six karmas in the Nitya karma as per Rig Veda—-


  • Snaanam: Our Rig Veda reveals— your bath time can tell whether you are a human or a monster. A man must get one and a half hours before the sun rises, i.e the Brahma Muhurta and go for a bath. The bathing between 4 am-5 am in the morning is generally called Muni Snan. Muni Snan is considered to be the most auspicious in the scriptures.  


It is said that the person who takes a Muni snan or bath every day, always has peace and tranquility in his house, along with that the person remains physically and mentally fit. A night of sleep during the time of Brahmamuhurta destroys all the virtues and says that the one who sleeps during this time is considered to have committed a sin.  


  • Sandhyavandana: Sandhyavandana is a short religious practice that Hindus perform thrice daily. It combines specific mantras with pranayama and meditation. Firstly, Achamaneyam is to be done. This is the cleaning part of the ritual where we wash our mouth, hands, and feet and take the water " ritually cleansed". After that, reciting the Upasthana Mantra— This is the part of the ritual where we "placate" the Vedic gods. 

  • In the morning, we worship (Mitra God of oath and friendship).

  • During the afternoon we worship (Surya, known as the Sun God) 

  • And in the evening we worship (Varuna, known as the God of water). Then we have to perform pranayama and meditation. 


  • Japa: Japa is the thoughtful reiteration of a mantra or a righteous name. You can chant Hare Mahamantra, Gayatri Mantra, and, Guru Mantra or your Ishta Deva Mantra. The repetitions are counted using a string of beads known as a japamala. Japa is a way and method by which one can attempt to control the mind and heart. 


  • Homa:  In the Vedic Hinduism, a homa is also known as yagna, is a fire ritual that has been performed by Hindus since ancient times in which Agni Deva, known as the fire god, acts as a medium between man and the god, it is performed in front of a fire and Vedic mantra are chanted. Yajna is a Sanskrit word meaning "Worship," "Sacrifice" or "Offering."

The word Yajna basically comes from the 'Yag' which means to worship, adore, or praise.

Yajna also means an offering or sacrifice. So, the complete meaning of Yagna is to revere or praise the various elements of the divine by offering things that give us pleasure and are dear to us. 



  • Svadhyaya: Svadhyaya is a Sanskrit word that is used in Hinduism to signify the study of one's self. This word is derived from Sanskrit called sva, meaning "self" or "own", and adhyaya meaning "lesson", "reading" or "lecture". Svadhyaya means self-reflection or close study of the self. In "The yoga sutras of Patanjali”. 



Chapter ii, sutra 44 says, Svadhyayat-ista-devata-samprayogah. Where (svadhyayat) refers to self-reflection and (samprayogah) is a pure connection with one's personal (devata) spiritual path (ista)". Action without reflection is incomplete and vice-versa. In order to know what the most appropriate action or practice is, we need to reflect, we need to introspect ourselves on what resonates with us on a deep level.  

Self-reflection urges us to be persistently inquisitive about ourselves, not our neighbors, accomplices, or relatives, but rather ourselves. It's through being interested about who we are that we become more mindful, and along these lines can roll out fitting improvements to our lives.


  • Vaishvadeva:  Vaishvadeva means visvev-devah, "all-gods'' taken together as a whole. It is also called Balivaishvadeva Yajna. Bali means the portion of food and this 'vaina' means providing food to animals, birds, etc., Who are in need of it. It also means looking after all these creatures and regarding them as one's own fellow beings. When the other beings of the world also get benefits from the Yagya, only then will the Yagya be accomplished and complete. This law is made from the view that all living beings, except human beings and inanimate gods, are honored.    


In this way, all the inanimate deities and beings benefit from the panchmahayagas. Brahma Yagna, Pitrayaga, Devyagya, Bhoota Yagya and Atithiyagya. This is the incredible beauty of our Sanatana Dharma that teaches us to regard all living beings as our own fellow beings. As a result, when Nitya- Karmas are performed the whole day passes on a good note. Moreover, It helps to inculcate how to keep the mind under control in order to experience calmness and peace. 


One should regularly practice Nitya-Karmas because it imparts the ability to gain control over personality defects such as desire, anger, etc. Once you achieve it, the “Path of Bhakti” or the closeness to God becomes easier. Always remember a disciplined way of life ensures there is no downfall in the life of a person and he never slips; on the contrary, he certainly attains the capability to rise higher. 

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